When you adjust, isolate and convert waste matter into a material that can be used, you are said to be recycling. With minimal effort going towards recycling, pollution of top soil, air flow and water is rising. As waste matter is converted to reusable materials, less harm will be done to the environment and pollution will be greatly reduced (Singh, Cranage and Lee 2014). There are many benefits to recycling as we will put forward in this article. They include energy conservation, minimizing global warming, financial savings, and minimizing the spread of this problem.
- Energy Conservation through Recycling
Making an original product tends to be more costly than making it out of recycled products. There are many different steps in the original manufacturing that tend to consume a lot of power. If you were to try to make aluminium cans, it would be cheaper to do so by recycling than it would be to have brand new ones made from scratch. 4% more energy is needed to create synthetic products. This makes it quite pricey.
- Minimizing Global Warming through Recycling
Many of the activities that people carry out from day to day tend to be harmful to the environment. Greenhouse gasses such as methane and carbon dioxide tend to affect climate change. Acid rain falls when methane mixes with oxygen, water as well as other chemicals in the atmosphere forming acidic pollutants, which then affect crop production. Carbon dioxide on the other hand creates a blanket effect on the surface of the earth, which does not allow terrestrial rays to go through. As such, temperatures become high on the surface of the earth, which then causes the death of many organisms and the withering of crops. Climate change has been affected by the recycling of these gasses over time. It is said that in the year 2005, steps were taken to try and reduce carbon emissions through recycling the gas in processes that needed carbon dioxide such as the Solvay progression (Singh et al., 2014). By recycling, the effects of greenhouse gasses reduced a lot.
- Financial Savings through Recycling
Those who make recycled goods and sell them can also generate income from this business. Additionally, when you choose to use recycled items you get the same quality products at a cheaper rate than you would if you bought it from the original manufacturer. You will find that these products are not just discounted, they are also easy to come by. If you are a farmer, recycling negates the need to find fertilizers that are manmade. By recycling materials that are biodegradable, you can make your own manure that you can then use to grow your crops instead of using artificial fertilizers. In this way, recycling saves you money that you would have otherwise spent on products that are overpriced (Wagner, 2009).
- Minimizing the Spread of the Problem through Recycling
When top soil, air and water are polluted, other conditions are exacerbated. When water is polluted, you will usually find health problems, such as bilharzia, typhoid and cholera. Industrial waste can also make its way into ponds and rivers and when the chemical substances in that water get into the atmosphere, the rain water is also polluted (Silverman, 2008). When water is consumed in that state, without having been purified, all who consume it are put at risk of waterborne diseases. On the other hand, when chemicals such as methane get into the atmosphere and contaminate the air, it becomes unhealthy to breathe the contaminated air. By recycling industrial waste, many diseases resulting from contamination of air, top soil and water can also be reduced. Sulphuric acid is a good example. When sulphuric acid is being made, sulphur trioxide is produced as waste. This waste material is then taken through a process called the scarification method and broken down into elements that are less harmful: Propane and Sulphur. These two are more environmentally friendly. It is therefore safe to say that recycling can result in elements that are a lot friendlier to the environment.
Our environment benefits in several different ways from recycling. It is important to have systems in place that will allow for the conversion of harmful products to useful ones. The many benefits include saving money by purchasing cheaper, recycled items, reducing problems that have to do with the pollution of air and minimizing global warming. In addition to this, by recycling you will be conserving energy since it takes less energy to recycle than to make from scratch.