What Is Conveyor System
A conveyor system is the one part of mechanical handling equipment that transport materials from one place to another.
Conveyors are a common sight at airports, scrapyards and many other locations. They are useful wherever items need to be transported and fed from one place to another, making the process easier, faster and more convenient. Industrial conveyors are similar to these but are designed to withstand large workloads, extreme weather conditions, as well as moving in different directions and at odd angles.
If it were not for conveyors, materials would have to be fed manually which involves hiring labor and creates its own set of human resource challenges. Human labor is a lot less efficient and not very cost-effective in the long run. In order to overcome these and other challenges, commercial conveyors are used in a variety of industries like food, pharmaceuticals, manufacturing and transportation.
Types of Conveyors
Conveyors come in various sizes and shapes. These variables change depending on the type of industry where they are used. Some of the common types include:
- Chain Belt Conveyors – Also known as chain edge conveyors, these are designed to carry high volumes of products. You will find these being used on the work floor, in most cases transporting waste materials. Chain belt conveyors are used as sorting line feeds, mixed lines and feed side eject balers.
- Steel Belt Conveyors – Steel belt conveyors use two types of belt designs – piano hinge and steel apron. These conveyors can carry a serious amount of weight, generally anywhere from 20 to 50 tons every hour. Thanks to this tonnage, they are used in heavy feeder applications such as compactors, heavy-duty mixed waste lines and heavy-duty 2 RAM scrap balers.
- Slider Bed Conveyors – Slider conveyors are used in applications where a chain belt is too weak and a steel belt is too heavy. These have capacities that start from 1 ton and go up to 15 tons and come with a speed varying mechanism allowing for slow to fast operations. These are used for feeding side eject balers and horizontal balers.
- MRF Sorting Lines – This is a conveyor type that is not standardized and features a combination of slider bed, chain belt, and steel belts. These conveyors are designed as per the individual requirements of the client.
Benefits of Conveyors
As mentioned above, conveyors are a huge enhancement over using human labor to perform the activity of feeding. Other than this, here are some more benefits of using conveyor system:
- Conveyors designed with inclination allow materials, both big and small, to be moved from one elevation to another easily. This saves a lot of time.
- Conveyors offer unlimited opportunities to continuously load and unload items over a long period of time.
- Large factories will have requirements where materials need to be moved between multiple levels or floors. Conveyors can be designed to transport materials across levels, with almost no limitation of height.
- Conveyors with automated incline belts can automatically unload materials, eliminating manual unloading. This also means that no time is wasted in monitoring material unloads.
- Conveyors allow careful control of the speed at which materials are moved. That means there are fewer chances of something breaking and causing loss due to handling issues.
- Conveyors can move in both directions. This is very useful when materials need to be moved between opposite ends of a manufacturing unit during the manufacturing process.
Where are Conveyors Used?
Conveyors are used in almost every industry where materials need to be moved including bottling plants, recycling centers, plastic making factories and so on. They can be used in every industry which has some kind of process requiring the movement of items and materials at regular intervals in a cyclical fashion.
The primary advantage of conveyor systems is that they automate a lot of human tasks that are associated with the manufacturing and transportation of materials. This includes tasks like feeding, moving, loading and unloading of materials. If your company or factory has any of these requirements, an industrial conveyor is definitely something you should invest in