With awareness about environmental safety increasing, government institutions, industries, and other organizations have been highly focused on recycling waste. Since the recycling industry has seen its business skyrocket, its biggest challenge now has been sorting this waste. This is where the conveyor systems has become extremely useful.
Conveyors enable us to sort out the recyclable waste from the vast mix of waste products. The waste is spread out on the conveyor belts and moved from the entry to the final point. Along the way it is examined and sorted out using various processes.
Salient Features of the Conveyor System
This system eliminates the need for forklifts or front-end loaders to move the waste. Not only is the system efficient, but it is very safe.
Chain-driven hoppers are mainly used in the recycling business because they have the capacity to transfer heavy-loaded waste into the shredders or balers. On the other hand, conveyor belts are used to connect various sorting stations. The belts space the items so the waste can be separated manually or mechanically.
Most advanced conveyor systems are fitted with computer operated electronic devices to sort out plastics on the basis of infrared technology. Once the specific waste product is identified, it is subjected to high air pressure and forced to a specific bin.
3. Process Handling
Conveyor belts come with rotating augers. These augers help in separating, breaking down, and propelling the material across the sorting line. They are generally made of rubber and have paddles or cams.
Challenges of Handling Large Waste Materials
Conveyor systems go through a lot of waste abuse as they are subjected to a variety of materials and products; these include chemicals, paper, steel, plastic, and greasy liquids. Discussed here are the different challenges the system handles and how to keep the operation safe and efficient.
1. Belt Damage
Unimaginable waste products are dealt with everyday by conveyor systems. Sorting waste and shifting them to different bins can cause damage to the equipment. For example wearing of the belt could occur after multiple scrapes and scratches due to sharp objects. A damaged belt can bring the whole process to a standstill. Therefore, it is in your best interest to use metal linked belts. These belts have their disadvantages as well, such as difficulty in sorting and holding the waste items, but they won’t cause as much financial damage in the long run.
2. Materials of Irregular Shapes and Sizes
Handling objects of different shapes, sizes, and materials is a difficult task. Flexible sidewalls or cleats is a good way to try to combat this, however, they need to also be able to sustain abuse from the waste.