What is Composting?
Composting is taking nature’s help to break up and recycle biodegradable material into different elements that can be used to nurture plant growth. However, knowing the various factors that affect composting can greatly facilitate the process. Composting is a natural process that occurs in nature all the time. Several worms, organisms and microorganisms contribute to the process. Some of these are actinomycetes, fungi as well as bacteria. Facilitated by these, composting occurs much more rapidly than it happens in a natural way. Besides this, the right level of heat, oxygen and moisture can speed up the process of food composting.
Benefits of Composting
The biggest benefit of composting is that it helps to reduce and reuse food wastage. This also means that we send less wastage to landfills and save precious land. Degeneration of food in landfills releases methane in the environment. Moreover, the compost generated can be used as a natural fertilizer for organic farming keeping produce free of chemicals.
Food consists of various materials in which some may compost faster than the other. Besides this, some items may give out a particular kind of odor which may be unbearable. Meat, bones and dairy products take longer to decompose and give out an objectionable smell. On the other hand, vegetable scraps, cores, peels, grains whether they are cooked or raw, stale bread, used tea leaves, coffee grounds will decompose much faster. One can also put in egg shells and corn cobs though this will take more time to decompose than vegetables.
Problems in Composting
Composting needs a lot of management and if it is done in the open may attract rodents and scavengers, not to mention the nasty smell. All this creates a challenge for maintaining hygienic conditions. If the volume of waste food is quite high, then several other factors also come into play. The most obvious is storage space, transportation costs, sorting of different kinds of food waste to be composted and so on.
An easier and more practical method is the use of food composters that can handle large volumes of food waste and do not need constant monitoring. The ECOVIM Food Composter by Compactor Management Company does not use any kind of chemicals, enzymes or water and turns food waste into a dry bio- mass and potable water that can be reused. The separated water comes out of a separate outlet and is fit for human use. One can also add 10 to 15% of paper and cardboard that is free of coating. The biomass that it produces is odorless and free of microbes. Available in different capacities it can be an effective composting method for both households as well as commercial establishments.