Is your mattress showing signs of its age? Perhaps you’ve upgraded to a new model and are now faced with the dilemma of what to do with the old one. The good news is that you have more options than just sending it off to the landfill. From donating and recycling to selling, there are ways to lessen the environmental impact of your mattress disposal.

In the United States, a staggering 18.2 million mattresses are discarded annually, with over 50,000 of them ending up in landfills each day. To combat this waste, it’s important to explore proper mattress disposal methods.

Typically, mattresses should be replaced every 10 years, although this varies depending on factors such as mattress type and usage. Knowing when to replace yours depends on how well you’ve maintained it and how frequently you use it.

If you’re wondering about the right way to dispose of a mattress, simply leaving it on the curb won’t suffice, and taking it to a city dump can be a hassle. Incorrect disposal might even result in hefty fines, so it’s crucial to do your research beforehand. This comprehensive guide to mattress recycling is here to help you navigate the various options available for getting rid of your old mattress.

What Is Mattress Recycling?

When it comes to mattress disposal, recycling is a game-changer. Most mattress materials can be repurposed once the bed is taken apart. Many manufacturers are finding innovative ways to use these materials, which reduces waste. Repurposing a mattress involves giving it a new lease on life, as opposed to refurbishing or renovating it.

Let’s delve into how different types of mattress materials can be recycled:

  1. Foam: Foam can be transformed into insulating materials or shredded to create resting pads or support pillows.
  2. Coils & Springs: Manufacturers often melt down coils and repurpose them for various uses.
  3. Fibers: Fibers like cotton can be used as fuel for burning or repurposed into DIY projects like doormats or towels.

Participating in a mattress recycling program is a sustainable option. These programs, usually organized by manufacturers, involve either recycling or donating the mattress to those in need. This approach reduces landfill waste and curbs pollution caused by mattress disposal.

Are Mattresses Recyclable?

Yes, mattresses are recyclable, but they can’t just be tossed into your regular recycling bin. In the U.S., about 15 to 20 million mattresses and box springs are disposed of annually. This represents a considerable amount of wasted materials, especially considering the strain on landfills. Fortunately, individuals and organizations are working to establish mattress recycling programs. While some of these initiatives are still in their early stages, they signal a positive direction for mattress recycling efforts.

Things to Do Before You Dispose of Old Mattress

Before you make any decisions about getting rid of your old mattress, there are two important factors to consider: your mattress’s warranty policy and your state’s disposal regulations. Both of these elements can influence your approach to mattress disposal.

Most mattresses come with warranties that cover specific issues for repair or replacement. Understanding the terms of your warranty can guide your actions in case you need to dispose of your mattress.

Each state has its own rules and procedures for mattress disposal. Some states prohibit placing mattresses with regular garbage, necessitating a trip to a designated disposal facility. Researching and understanding your state’s policies is essential before making any disposal choices.


How to Dispose of Mattress?

Donating Your Mattress

If your mattress is still in good condition, donating it to a charitable organization is a meaningful option. This not only extends the mattress’s lifespan but also provides less fortunate individuals with a comfortable place to sleep. Many charities offer pickup services, simplifying the donation process.

Recycling Old Mattresses

If the donation isn’t feasible, recycling is an environmentally friendly way to dispose of your mattress. Many mattresses consist of around 75% recyclable materials. While curbside recycling isn’t possible, mattress recycling services can disassemble your mattress and send its components to appropriate recycling centers.

Reusing Your Mattress

If you can’t donate or recycle, consider repurposing your mattress within your own home. Whether it becomes a guest bed or its materials are repurposed for various projects, reusing is a sustainable approach.

Selling or Giving Away

In the age of online marketplaces, selling or giving away your mattress to local buyers is an option. Ensure your mattress is clean and in good condition before listing it. Additionally, some people may be willing to take your mattress off your hands for free, saving you time and effort.

Properly Disposing of Your Mattress

While tossing your mattress might seem like a quick solution, it’s important to follow specific procedures to ensure proper disposal. Dumping a mattress is illegal in most cities, and placing it in a dumpster can lead to fines or worse. Instead, consider these disposal options:

  • Junk Removal Service: Call a junk removal service to handle your mattress disposal professionally.
  • Landfill: Some areas allow you to take your mattress to a landfill, adhering to disposal guidelines.
  • Heavy Trash Day: Check if your locality has a designated heavy trash day for large items like mattresses.
  • DIY Disposal: Break down your mattress into smaller pieces for disposal in garbage bags.

10 Signs You Need a New Mattress

If your mattress is showing signs of wear and tear, it might be time for a replacement.

Look for the following indicators:

  1. Sagging
  2. Rips or worn edges
  3. Broken coils
  4. Unpleasant odors
  5. Squeaking or noise
  6. Hammock-like feel
  7. Waking up with aches
  8. Sleep difficulties
  9. Feeling the partner’s movements
  10. The feeling of tiredness or allergies upon waking

Ultimately, there’s no one-size-fits-all answer to when you should dispose of your mattress. However, recognizing signs of wear and considering your sleep quality can help you make an informed decision.


  1. Why should I recycle my mattress?

    Ever wondered why recycling your mattress matters? Well, here’s the scoop: About 80% of the stuff in your average mattress can be recycled. Shockingly, though, every year in the U.S., we toss out a mind-boggling 15 to 20 million mattresses, devouring 40 cubic feet of precious landfill space. Recycling your mattress isn’t just about being eco-friendly; it’s a smart move to save space and resources.

  2. What types of recyclable materials are in mattresses?

    Your run-of-the-mill mattress is a hodgepodge of materials waiting to be reborn. There’s a wooden frame, steel springs, squishy polyurethane foam, and fabric. When recycling comes into play, the top layer of fabric gets peeled away to reveal the goodies beneath. The steel springs find new life as scrap metal, given that steel is a recycling superstar. Wood often gets chipped for mulch, foam can morph into carpet padding, and fabrics might transform into industrial machinery filters.

  3. Are box springs recyclable?

    Absolutely! Box springs are like close cousins to mattresses – they’ve got a wooden frame, steel coils, and a cotton outer layer (missing only the foam). Recycling them is pretty similar to mattresses and they usually tag along when mattresses are recycled.

  4. How do I dispose of air mattresses and waterbeds?

    Now, what about those air mattresses and waterbeds? While these are easy to break down, they lack the valuable recyclable materials that justify recycling costs. If you’re the DIY type, try patching up holes to extend their life. If not, drain them to save space and toss them in the garbage.

  5. What should I do with foam mattress pads, like a Tempur-Pedic mattress?

    Those foam mattress pads, like the ones in Tempur-Pedic mattresses – they’re made of the same stuff as your mattress. The sad part is they lack the precious materials needed to make recycling them worthwhile. Your options? Either reuse them with a new mattress or sneak them in for recycling when you’re recycling an old mattress. Trust me, they won’t make it on their own in the recycling world.

  6. Are there any state laws regarding mattress recycling?

    So, are there any laws about mattress recycling? You bet. California, Connecticut, and Rhode Island have hopped on the recycling train. They’ve got this thing where retailers collect a tiny disposal fee on all new mattress and box spring sales. This cash then fuels mattress recycling programs and sets up places where you can drop off your old mattress. Just remember, these laws aren’t about banning mattresses from landfills – they’re about giving them a second shot at a useful life.